So he (the Prophet) said to Aisha: Abuse her. So she abused her and dominated her. .... Sunan Abu Dawud, Book 41, Number 4880
Sahih Bukhari Volume 7, Book 63, Number 193
Sahih Muslim Book 009, Number 3496
No sooner al-Hubab sat down after saying this then `Umar rose and spoke thus: This can't be that there be two rulers at one time. By Allah, the Arabs will never agree to have you as the head of the state since the Prophet was not from amongst you. Certainly, the Arabs will not care the least objection in that the Caliphate is allowed to one in whose house Prophethood rests so that the ruler should also be from the same house. For those who dissent clear arguments can be put forth. Whoever comes in conflict with us in the matter of the authority and rulership of Muhammad (p.b.u.h.a.h.p.) he is leaning towards wrong, is a sinner and is falling into destruction.
After `Umar, al-Hubab again stood up and said to the ansar, "Look, stick to your point and do not pay heed to the views of this man or his supporters. They want to trample your right, if they do not consent turn him and them out of your cities and appropriate the Caliphate. Who else than you can deserve it more?"
When al-Hubab finished `Umar scolded him. There was use of bad words from that side also, and the position began to worsen. On seeing this Abu `Ubaydah ibn al-Jarrah spoke with the intention of cooling down ansar and to win them over to his side and said: "O' ansar ! You are the people who supported us and helped us in every manner. Do not now change your ways and do not give up your behaviour." But the ansar refused to change their mind. They were prepared to swear allegiance to Sa`d and people just wanted to approach him when a man of Sa`d's tribe Bashir ibn `Amr al-Khazraji stood up and said: "No doubt we came forward for jihad, and gave support to the religion, but our aim in doing thus was to please Allah and to obey His Prophet. It does not behove us to claim superiority and create trouble in the matter of the caliphate. Muhammad (p.b.u.h.a.h.p.) was from Quraysh and they have a greater right for it, and are more appropriate for it." As soon as Bashir uttered these words division occurred among the ansar, and this was his aim, because he could not see a man of his own tribe rising so high. The muhajirun took the best advantage of this division among the ansar, and `Umar and Abu `Ubaydah decided to swear allegiance to Abu Bakr. They had just got forward for the act when Bashir first of all put his hand on that of Abu Bakr and after that `Umar and Abu `Ubaydah swore the allegiance. Then the people of Bashir's tribe came and swore allegiance, and trampled Sa`d ibn `Ubadah under their feet. al-Tabari, Ta'rikh, VI, 263
Peak of Eloquence, Footnotes of Sermon 67, The news of happenings at Saqifah
al-Balazuri, book no 1, page 107
- A wife who saw her husband get killed, or who hears the news of the death of her husband, will not marry the same day willingly, because marriage is about love and relationship. I claim that no wife will marry another man the very moment she hears the news of the death of her husband
- The waiting period for a widow is four months and ten days, a rough 130 days. According to Islamic principles, she cannot remarry the same night even if she wills to do so.
History of al-Tabari, English version, v15, p184
After the martyrdom of Mawla Ali (AS), hostilities between Mawla Hassan (AS) and Mawiya continued. Imam Hassan (AS) opted to sign a peace treaty rather than fight another battle with Mawiya, which had caused alot of Muslim bloodshed already and saw the death of many Companions of Prophet (SAW).
- Companions of Prophet (SAW) spreading the false story of Ayesha committing adultery
- Minor arguments between Abu Bakr and Umer
- Urwa (a sahabi) abusing Hassan (a sahabi)
- Refusal by the companions to accept Usama as their leader when the Prophet (SAW) chose Usama himself. Criticism of Usama's leadership qualities by certain companions included
- Tragedy of Thursday; The argument between two groups of companions infront of the Prophet's death bed, one wants the Prophet to have his will while the other group practicing their personal opinion over the Prophet's demand
- Arguments and fights amongst the wives of Prophet (SAW) with each other due to their jealousy with one another. Plotting against the Prophet (SAW) himself by some of his wives
- Atrocities of Khalid bin Waleed against the tribes of Banu Jadhima, to the disapproval of Prophet (SAW) himself
- The heated argument between the Muhajiruns and Ansars at Saqifah, which led to the trampling of the companion, Saad ibn Ubaidah
- The disagreement of Mawla Ali (AS) and his supporters with respect to the rights of caliphate of Abu Bakr
- The boycott by Fatima (AS) from Abu Bakr due to the usurping of Fadak
- Mawla Ali's opinion regarding Abu Bakr and Umer being liars and dishonest with respect to the issues of Fadak and the caliphate
- Khalid bin Waleed's (a sahabi) killing of Malik bin Nuwaira (a sahabi or a renegade) and raping of his wife, Layla (a Sahabi)
- Umer's anger at Khalid bin Waleed, and his protests against Khalid during the era of Abu Bakr
- Khalid bin Waleed's dismissal from the command by Umer during his caliphate, and later on, dismissing Khalid from the army totally
- Exile of Abu Dharr Ghaffari (a sahabi) by Uthman and his administration
- Beating of Ammar Yasir (a sahabi) and Abdullah ibn Masud (a sahabi) on the orders of Usman (a sahabi)
- Enticing the people against Usman by Talha, Zubair, Ayesha and Amr bin Aas
- Mawla Ali's ill opinion about Talha, Zubair and Ayesha, and the battle of Jamal between the two groups
- Mawla Ali's ill opinion about Mawiya and Amr bin al Aas, and the battle of Siffin between the two groups
- Mawiya's introduction of abusing Imam Ali during friday prayers
- Prophecy of Prophet Muhammad (SAW) and the martyrdom of Ammar yasir by the army of Mawiya
- The treaty between Imam Hassan (AS) and Mawiya
- The alleged murder of Ayesha by Mawiya
Listen O' Mu'awiya! We (Ahlul Bayt, the progeny of the Holy Prophet (s)) are unique examples of the creation of Allah. For such a status, we are not under obligation to any person or tribe but the Almighty Allah who granted us these blessings. Human beings have received and will receive perfection through us. The perpetual supremacy and inherent superiority do not prevent us from making contact with human beings or with your clan, we have married amongst you and have established family connections with your (as well as with others) clan, though you do not belong to our class.
How can you be our equal when the Holy Prophet (s) belongs to us and Abu Jahl, the worst enemy of Islam was from amongst you. Asadullah (lit. "the Lion of Allah" - a title of Imam Ali (a)) is from amongst us, while Asadul Ahlaaf (lion of the opposing groups, who had sworn to fight against Islam and the Holy Prophet (s)) was from you. The two foremost leaders of the youth of Paradise (Imam Hasan (a) & Imam Husayn (a)) are from us and the children of Hell are from you. The best woman in the world (title bestowed by Allah upon Fatima (a)) the beloved daughter of the Holy Prophet (s) is from us, and the slanderer and the wood-carrying woman who tried to spend every hour of her life in doing harm to the Holy Prophet of Islam (s), was your aunt. There are so many other things similar to the few mentioned which praise us and speak ill of your clan and which show how far and superior we are to you. We were faithful followers of the commandments of Allah and you and your clan always opposed Islam and accepted it out of sheer expediency simply to save yourselves from humiliation and disgrace. Our sincerity in Islam and our services to its cause are the facts of history and history cannot deny your enmity against Islam and the Holy Prophet (s).
The credit which you want to take away from us and the honour which you want to deprive us of is the one which the Holy Qur'an is carefully guarding for us. It says: "Some relatives are superior and have excellence over others, according to the Book of Allah" [ Qur'an, 33:6 ] and in another place in the very same Book, Allah informs mankind that: "The nearest people to Abraham, are those who follow him and those who follow the Holy Prophet (s) and the true believers. Allah is the guardian of the true believers" [ Qur'an, 2:68 ]. Therefore we hold two excellences: That of close relationship to the Holy Prophet (s) and that of loyally accepting his teachings. Do you know on the day of Saqifa, Muhajirs told Ansar that they were superior to them because they in one way or the other, were related to the Holy Prophet (s) and therefore they deserved the caliphate and with the aid of this argument the Muhajirs carried the day. If success can be achieved with the help of this argument and if it has got a grain of truth in it then according it, we and not you, deserve the caliphate. If not, then the Ansar still hold their claim over the caliphate. Nahjul Balaga, Letter 28, A reply by Imam Ali to the letter sent by Mawiya