• Misyar Marriage

    is carried out via the normal contractual procedure, with the specificity that the husband and wife give up several rights by their own free will...

  • Taraveeh a Biad'ah

    Nawafil prayers are not allowed with Jama'at except salatul-istisqa' (the salat for praying to Allah to send rain)..

  • Umar attacks Fatima (s.)

    Umar ordered Qunfuz to bring a whip and strike Janabe Zahra (s.a.) with it.

  • The lineage of Umar

    And we summarize the lineage of Omar Bin Al Khattab as follows:

  • Before accepting Islam

    Umar who had not accepted Islam by that time would beat her mercilessly until he was tired. He would then say

Wednesday, August 7, 2013

Umar Attacks The Houses Of The Wives Of The Prophet (saw) - Sunni Sources

يأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لاَ تَدْخُلُواْ بُيُوتَ النَّبِىِّ إِلاَّ أَن يُؤْذَنَ لَكُمْ إِلَى طَعَامٍ غَيْرَ نَـظِرِينَ إِنَـهُ وَلَـكِنْ إِذَا دُعِيتُمْ فَادْخُلُواْ فَإِذَا طَعِمْتُمْ فَانْتَشِرُواْ وَلاَ مُسْتَأْنِسِينَ لِحَدِيثٍ إِنَّ ذَلِكُمْ كَانَ يُؤْذِى النَّبِىِّ فَيَسْتَحْيِى مِنكُمْ وَاللَّهُ لاَ يَسْتَحْىِ مِنَ الْحَقِّ وَإِذَا سَأَلْتُمُوهُنَّ مَتَـعاً فَاسْـَلُوهُنَّ مِن وَرَآءِ حِجَابٍ 

O you who believe! Enter not the Prophets houses, unless permission is given to you for a meal, (and then) not (so early as) to wait for its preparation. But when you are invited, enter, and when you have taken your meal, disperse without sitting for a talk. Verily, such (behaviour) annoys the Prophet, and he is shy of (asking) you (to go); but Allah is not shy of (telling you) the truth. And when you ask (his wives) for anything you want, ask them from behind a screen.
[Holy Qur'aan 33:53]

Ibn Hajar Asqalani:

The quotation of Bukhari says that Umar brought out the sister of Abi Bakr when she mourned) It has been narrated by Ibn Sa’d through a 'Saheeh' (Authentic) chain from Al-Zuhri from Zahri from Sa‘eed Ibn Mosayyib who said: When Aboo Bakr died, A'isha held a gathering in which eulogies had been read for him. Umar was informed of it, so he forbid them from doing so and ordered Hisham Ibn Al-Walid: "Bring Umme Farwa  out for me!" Then he lashed her when the news reached the mourners they escaped. And Ishaq Ibn Rahwaih quoted this in his Musnad in another form from Al-Zahri and it is reported in it, "He brought out the women one by one and beat them with his whip."

Source: Fathul Bari Sharh Sahih Al-Bukhari. Vol. 6, Pg. # 225.

Muhammad Ibn Sa’d:
Narrated Uthman Ibn Umar from Yoonus Ibn Yazid from Al-Zahri from Sa’eed Ibn Mosayyib who said: When Aboo Bakr died, A'isha held a mourning gathering in which eulogies had been read for him, Umar was informed of it, so he forbid them [the mourners] from doing so. They refused, so he said to Hisham Ibn Al-Walid: "Bring out for me the daughter of Abi Qohafa (sister of Abi Bakr)!" Then he lashed her, and when the mourners heard this they escaped, and he said: "Do they want to punish Aboo Bakr by their weeping?" The Messenger of Allah (saw) said: "The dead man suffers when his family weep for him."

Source: Al-Tabaqat Al-Kabir. Vol. 3, Pg. # 191.

Narrated Younis from Ibn Wahab from Younis Ibn Yazid from Al-Zahri from Sa’eed Ibn Mosayyib who said: 'When Aboo Bakr died, A'isha held a mourning gathering for him in which eulogies had been read, Umar was informed of it, so he came to her door and forbade them from mourning on Aboo Bakr. They (the women) refused, so he (Umar) said to Hisham Ibn Al-Walid: "Enter and bring out for me the daughter of Abi Qohafa sister of Abi Bakr," when A'isha heard this she said to Hisham: "I forbid you from entering into my house!" Umar said to Hisham: "Enter, I allow you to do that!" So Hisham entered and brought out Umme Farwa sister of Abi Bakr to Umar, whereupon Umar started beating her with his whip for a while, when the mourners heard this they escaped.

Source: Tarikh Al-Tabari. Vol. 3, Pg. # 423.

Analysis Of The Chain Of Narrators:
The status of these five narrators in the books of Rijal:

1 - Younus Ibn Abd Al-A’laa
2 - Abdullah Ibn Wahab
3 - Younus Ibn Yazid
4 - Ibn Shahab Al-Zahri
5 - Sa’eed Ibn Mosayyib

1 - Younus Ibn Abd Al-A’laa
Ibn Maysara Al-Sadafi, Aboo Musa Al-Misri, 'Thiqh' (Trustworthy!), one of the narrators of 10th generation, ... he has narrated in Saheeh Muslim, Al-Nisa'i and Ibn Majah.

Source: Taqreeb Al-Tahdheeb. Pg. # 542, Person # 7907.

2 - Abdullah Ibn Wahab

Ibn Muslim Al-Qorashi their slave, Aboo Muhammad Al-Misri, the Jurist, 'Thiqh' (Trustworthy!) Hafiz a good worshipper...has narrated in the 'Saheeh Al-Sittah.'

Source: Taqreeb Al-Tahdheeb. Pg. # 271, Person # 3294.

3 - Younus Ibn Yazid
Ibn Abi Al-Najad Al-Iaylee, Aboo Yazid Mawla Aal Abi Sufyan: 'Thiqh' (Trustworthy!) when it is through Al-Zahri, and they are few, but through other than Al-Zahri it is false... narrated in the Saheeh Al-Sittah.

Source: Taqreeb Al-Tahdheeb. Pg. # 543, Person # 7919.

4 - Ibn Shahab Al-Zahri

Muhammad Ibn Muslim Ibn Obaidallah Ibn Abdullah Ibn Shahab Ibn Zohra Ibn Kilaab Al-Qorashi Al-Zahri, Aboo Bakr, Al-Faqih 'Narrator of Hadeeth' Al-Hafiz 'Jurist': All agreed upon his superiority and Truthfulness narrated in the Saheeh Sittah.

Source: Taqreeb Al-Tahdheeb. Pg. # 440, Person # 6296.

5 - Sa’eed Ibn Mosayyib
Ibn Hazn Ibn Abi Wahab Ibn Amr Ibn Hahiz Ibn Mehran Ibn Makhzoom Al-Qorashi Al-Makhzoomi, one of the Trustworthy scholars and of the great Fuqaha, all are agreed over his Mursal (hurried) that are the most authentic, Ibn Al-Madini said: "There is no one among Al-Tabe’een to the extent of his knowledge narrated in the Saheeh Al-Sittah.
Source: Taqreeb Al-Tahdheeb. Pg. # 181, Person # 2396.

Ibn Al-Jawzi:
... (after narrating this hadeeth) I say: "Daughter of Abi Qohafa is Umme Farwa sister of Abi Bakr, because Umar couldn’t rebuke A'isha due to fear and respect for her, so he punished sister of Aboo Bakr!"

Source: Kashf Al-Mushkil Min Hadeeth Al-Sahihain. Vol. 1, Pg. # 59 - 60.

Abdul Razzaq Al-San‘ani:

Abdul Razaq from Ibn Oyaina from Amr Ibn Dinaar who said: 'When Khalid bin Al-Waleed died, the women gathered in the house of Maymoona (wife of the Messenger of Allah) and were crying, so Umar came and Ibn Abbas was with him and Umar had his whip (Darrah) with him, so he said: "O Aba Abdullah! Enter the house of the mother of believers and tell her to take her veil, and bring out the women for me," he said: Then he brought them out and Umar was hitting them with his whip, so the veil of one of those woman fell, whereupon the people said to Umar: "O Amir Al-Momineen! Her veil!" So he said: "so be it! She has no honour!" And Mo’ammar was astonished by his saying: "She has no honour!"

Source: Al-Musannaf al' San'ani. Vol. 3, Pg. # 557.

Narrators of this Hadeeth in Al-Kashaf of Al-Dhahabi:

1 - AbdulRazaq 2 - Ibn Oyaina
3- Amr Ibn Dinaar

1 - AbdulRazaq
Abdulrazaq Ibn Hamam Ibn Rafeh Al-Hafez Ab00 Bakr Al-San’ani, 'One of the great scholars', narrated from Ibn Joraij and Mo’ammar and Thawr and from him Ahmad and Ishaq and Al-Ramaadi and Al-Dabari, he owner of many books, died in 221 A.H, narrated in the Saheeh Al-Sittah.

Source: Al-Kashaf. Vol. 1, Pg. # 651, Person # 3362.

2 - Ibn Oyaina

Sufyan Ibn Oyaina Aboo Muhammad Al-Hilali their slave, Al-Kufi Al-A’war, 'One of the great scholars', narrated from Al-Zuhri and Amr Ibn Dinaar, and from him Ahmad, Alee and Al-Za’farani and Al-A’mash and Ibn Joraij are his teachers, he is 'Trustworthy steady Hafiz and Imam', died in Rajab of 198. Narrated in the Saheeh al-Sittah.
Source: Al-Kashaf. Vol. 1, Pg. # 449.

3 - Amr Ibn Dinaar
Aboo Muhammad slave of Qoraish, Makki and Imam, narrated from Ibn Abbas and Ibn Umar and Jaber and from him Sho’ba and the two Sufyans and Malik, died in the year 126 A.H at the age of 80, he has narrated from Aboo Huraira one Hadeeth in Sunan Ibn Majah, narrated in the Saheeh Al-Sittah.

Source: Al-Kashaf. Vol. 2, Pg. # 75, Person 4152.

Not a single wife of the Prophet (saw) ever heard of this ban on mourning. On the contrary, A'isha, who is regarded in some quarters as one of the most if not the most knowledgeable of women on Qur'aan and Sunnah, performed this act on the death of the Prophet (saw). 
  • What kind of respect did Umar exhibit when breaking in to the house of A'isha despite the fact this mob were prohibited from entering therein?
  • What form of Sharia were Umar and his cohorts seeking to implement by breaking in to the house of A'isha frightening the women residing therein and whipping the daughter of Aboo Bakr and thus hurting and humiliating her? 
  • What kind of respect did Umar show when ordering Abbas to enter the home of Maymoona (r.a) who allowed her home to be used for a mourning gathering and requested her to bring out the women so they be punished? 
The Qur’aan prohibits believers from entering the homes of the wives of the Prophet (saw) UNLESS their consent is obtained beforehand. This all goes back to respecting the sanctity of the wives of Rasulullah (saw). An obligation was set to observe purdah outside, but the wives were at least entitled to a lesser restriction within the confines of their own homes, one in which they could feel relaxed without having any concern of outsiders entering unannounced and hence casting a glance at them.  


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